API 5L PSL1 Vs PSL2 Pipes

API 5L PSL1 Vs PSL2 Pipes

An API 5L pipe is manufactured by adhering to the specifications laid down by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 3183. It standardizes the criteria for the materials, equipment and offshore structures for petrochemical, petroleum and natural gas industries. PSL 1 and PSL 2 are the two Product Specification Levels that have been recognized by the technical committee which is mostly used in Oil and Gas Industries.

API 5L PSL1 Vs PSL2 Pipes

Grade Range A25 through X70 B through X80
Size range 0.405″ through 80″ 4.5″ through 80″
Type of ends Plain end, Threaded end,
Bevelled end special coupling pipes
Plain end
Seam welding All methods:
continuous welding
limited to A25
All methods:
except continuous welding
and laser welding
Electric welds: welder frequency No minimum kHz minimum 100
Heat treatment of electric welds Required for grades >X42 Required for all grades
(B through X80)
Chemistry: Max C for Seamless pipe 0.28% for grades ≥ B 0.24%
Chemistry: Max C for Welded pipe 0.26% for grades ≥ B 0.22%
Chemistry: Max P 0.030% for grades ≥ A 0.03%
Chemistry: Max S 0.03% 0.02%
Carbon equivalent: Only when purchaser
specifies SR18
Maximum required
for each grade
Yield strength, maximum None Maximum for each grade
UTS (Ultimate Tensile Strength)
None Maximum for each grade
Fracture toughness None required Required for all grades
Non-destructive inspection
of Seamless
Only when purchaser
specifies SR4
SR4 mandatory
Repair by welding of pipe body
plate,and skelp
Permitted Prohibited
Repair by welding of weld seams
without filler metal
Permitted by agreement Prohibited
Certification Traceable only until
all tests are passed
Certificates (SR15.1)
Traceability Traceable only until
all tests are passed
unless SR15 is specified
Traceable after completion
of tests
(SR15.2) mandatory

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API 5L Pipe

Types Of API 5L Pipes?

What are the Types Of API 5L Pipes?

 API 5L Pipes When authoring the standards, the technical committee recognized that there are two basic Product Specifications Levels (PSL) of technical requirements and therefore developed PSL 1 and PSL 2.

API 5L PSL1 Standards :

PSL-1 is a loose standard quality for line pipe. PSL 1 Pipes are used to distribute line pipes. Grades covered by this specification are A25, A, B and “X” Grades API 5L X42 PSL1 Pipes, API 5L X46 PSL1 Pipes, API 5L X52 PSL1 Pipes, API 5L X56 PSL1 Pipes, API 5L X60 PSL1 Pipes, API 5L X65 PSL1 Pipes, API 5L X70 PSL1 Pipes, API 5L X80 PSL1 Pipes. The two digit number following the “X” indicates the Minimum Yield Strength (in 000′s psi) of pipe produced to this grade.

API 5L PSL2 Standards :

PSL-2 contains additional testing requirement, stricter chemical physicals, along with different ceiling limits of mechanical properties, and require Charpy impact testing conditions. Furthermore, additional testing requirements under PSL-2 include CVN testing, non-destructive inspection of seamless products, Read more